Collection Development Policy

GLEN ELLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY

COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT POLICY, PROCEDURES, AND PLAN

POLICY

It is the policy of the Glen Ellyn Public Library to develop and maintain a superior collection of materials with available financial resources. Further, it is the policy of the Library not to use its collection to promote particular beliefs or views. Rather, through its collection the Library provides material which patrons can examine freely and draw their own conclusions.

Responsibility for this Policy rests with the Library Board of Trustees. Implementation of the Policy is delegated by the Board to the Library Director and staff who shall abide by the following Collection Development procedures governing the selection, acquisition and weeding of library materials of all formats.

The Glen Ellyn Public Library upholds and promotes the American Library Association in the following statements. (See attached)
a. Library Bill of Rights
b. Freedom to Read
c. Freedom to View

PROCEDURES

1. Library staff shall follow criteria for selection of materials for the Library’s collections. The criteria are designed to make available a variety of materials that meet the educational, informational, cultural and recreational interests and needs of the residents of Glen Ellyn. The criteria include the following:
a. The value of the material to the Library and the public, regardless of the personal taste of the selectors;
b. The variety of views on important, complicated and/or controversial questions, regardless of whether these views contain unpopular or unorthodox opinions;
c. The judgments of trained staff; experts, and book reviewers;
2 All acquisitions, whether purchased or donated, shall be governed by this document.
3. Recommendations for the purchase of Library materials may be submitted by the general public to the Library, which will base a decision to purchase upon the criteria herein.
4. The Collection Development Policy and Procedures shall be reviewed at least every three years in order to respond to the changing needs of Glen Ellyn residents.

ADULT COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT PLAN

General Statements
The Adult Services Director has responsibility for the collection and will delegate collection management roles as needed.

All materials and electronic sources comprising the Adult collection (“collection” in this document refers to the Adult collection) will be selected with consideration for, but not limited to, the following aspects:

Interest to patrons
Popularity of the author
Authenticity of the information
Authority of the author or publisher
Physical features and format
Price
Currency of the material
Space to house the material

No title is excluded on the basis of moral, racial, religious, or political prejudice. Titles are selected, within the limitations of the budget, on the basis of critical consensus among recognized subject authorities. Qualitative standards include checking subject areas against standard bibliographic tools and recommended subject lists to be sure that the Library is acquiring recommended materials.

Due to the vast number of titles published and the limits of the Library’s budget, the Glen Ellyn Public Library cannot possibly purchase all materials published.
The Library participates in LINC, an automation consortium of 9 public libraries in the DuPage Library System. Patrons are able to place their own reserves directly without contacting a staff member. Outside of the LINC system, The Library also makes every attempt to Interlibrary Loan materials (ILL) for our patrons from other owning libraries, at no charge for most materials.

In addition, The Library is fortunate to be located in an area where there are 2 academic libraries (College of DuPage and Wheaton College) nearby, where our residents have access to materials.

How Materials are Selected
Reviews and recommendations of materials are consulted before purchasing most materials. Sources consulted for objective reviews of reference materials include but are not limited to: Library Journal, Booklist, and Publisher’s Weekly. Online sources are also consulted. Materials are also examined by Library staff at conference exhibits and bookstores.
Publishers’ ads and brochures are checked for new titles. Electronic selection lists provided by our vendors are used to bolster areas of the collection.

Patron input will also be used to aid in the evaluation of the collection. Suggestions from patrons are encouraged and will be given due consideration. All titles considered for purchase must be of interest to the general high school or adult reader. Specific technical titles, textbooks (with some exceptions), and workbooks are generally not considered for purchase.

In most cases, the Library will not purchase self-published material because it is not reviewed in established review sources, and because we are unable to order through our pre-approved book wholesalers. An exception for this may be made for Glen Ellyn local authors.

The Library does not usually purchase spiral bound titles, and hardback binding is generally preferred if available.

Retention & Weeding
Retention is based on the likelihood of a historical interest in the field as well as the timeliness of a title and its informational content. Patron demand also has an impact on the retention or replacement of material.

While we document below a minimum schedule for weeding, it is important to note that weeding is done on an ongoing basis as needed, to make room for newer titles and when materials that are in poor condition come to our attention.

Specific timetables for different sections of the collection are detailed in this plan. In general, the schedule is as follows:

Annually: 000-Computers, Large Print, Adult Mass Market Paperbacks, 900-Travel

Biennially: 300-Legal, College, Investment; Medical

Every 3 years: Reference, 000, 100s, 500s, 600s, AV

Every 5 years: Fiction, 300s, 700s

Every 6 years: 200s, 400s, 800s, 900s, Biography

Roles of the Collection
The collections of the Glen Ellyn Library are as follows (in no particular order):

Education support for high school through adult learners
Popular materials center
Reference library

Education Support Center
The collection’s educational role is to support formal education from high school through adult independent learning. In addition, some material may be collected for ELL and/or non-English reading adults as determined by the community’s changing demographics.

Selectors will bear in mind the needs of students, particularly recurring assignments, in developing the collections. However, high school and college textbooks will generally not be purchased. The Library does keep a separate, non-circulating collection of textbooks provided by local schools. These are donated by the schools and the Library requests updates as needed.

In order to meet the needs of adult independent learners, the collections will provide a broad range of information in all subject areas, with particular emphasis on how-to information. A basic selection of the principal works in each subject area and of classic fiction also will be maintained.

Interlibrary loan service will be provided on request to supply most professional and academic level titles for which there is no general demand.

Popular Materials Center
Popular materials are those which are in demand by the community. Selectors will take into consideration demand as reflected by reserve/purchase requests and may consult community groups or subject experts regarding special needs for materials in specific subject areas.

Multiple copies will be purchased to meet patron demand. After initial demand has passed, most duplicate copies will be removed from the collection, due to lack of space.

Reference Library
A general collection of reference sources for in-house use will be maintained. The reference collection will cover all disciplines at a basic level and in a variety of formats. Where available, an encyclopedia or general overview and appropriate periodical indexes will be maintained in each broad subject area. The Library will provide electronic access to information which is most easily searched in that format.

Due to the nature of reference material, the reference collection cannot be comprehensive. More in-depth research materials can be found locally at the local academic libraries.

Reference materials which are in high demand and require extended use may be duplicated in the circulating collection.

A small collection of local history materials is maintained as Reference material. In general, questions of this nature are referred to the Glen Ellyn Historical Society.

Specific Book Collections

Reference Collection
The availability of information on the Internet has increased our library’s access to timely information, necessitating a smaller more select reference book collection. This collection serves the general patron thus we do not have an extensive legal or tax collection or medical information appropriate for practicing medical personnel. The Reference Collection is constantly updated. A general weeding and evaluation of the collection should be done every three years.

Fiction
The Fiction collection encompasses general fiction, mysteries, and science fiction. The number of copies purchased is based on demand. Well-reviewed titles are given a priority. The replacement of tattered copies of classic fiction will be an ongoing expenditure. The majority of fiction purchases will be hardbound, but paperbound copies may be purchased as replacements. Every attempt is made to acquire and maintain books in a series written by a popular author.

The fiction collection should be evaluated and weeded every 5 years. Once an individual title is no longer popular the library should not retain more than 3 copies of a specific title. Titles that have not circulated for 7 years will be considered for weeding.

Non-Fiction Circulating Collection
The non-fiction collection of the Glen Ellyn Public Library is classified in the Dewey Decimal System and uses Library of Congress Subject Headings. The collection is predominantly a print collection although non-fiction videos, language audiocassettes, and some other kits are classified with Dewey numbers and shelved with the books. There is also an oversized book area.

Once an individual title is no longer popular the library should not retain more than 1 copy of a specific title. With a few exceptions the library will retain only the current edition of a title.

If an individual fiction or non-fiction title has 3 holds or more per copy an additional copy of that title will be purchased.

000 – Generalities
The computer book collection will address the needs of home computer users. Some titles on older software applications are kept, but the bulk of the collection is devoted to newer software titles that are currently in widespread use. Publisher’s Weekly computer bestseller list is a useful selection tool for this area. Because of rapid changes in this field, the computer collection will be weeded at least annually. Other titles in the area should be evaluated every 3 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

100 – Philosophy and Psychology
Special emphasis will be placed on self-help materials which will be weeded every three years to maintain currency, and topics in demand for school assignments, which will be weeded every 4 years.

200 – Religion
The collection will include a general overview of each of the major world religions. Mythologies of the world will be covered on a basic level. Information in this area is usually not time sensitive; therefore weeding of this area should be every 6 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

300 – Social Sciences
Areas of special emphasis in the social sciences include:
College guides/Test Prep; Finance/investment; Legal guides; True Crime.

Current information is crucial in this area. Tax guides are kept for 7 years. Multiple copies are weeded out after the current tax year. The college guides and test preparation books are kept up-to date by standing order plans. Titles in the legal, personal investment, colleges guide and test preparation areas need to be evaluated every 2 years, and will be considered for weeding if they have not circulated in 3 years. All other areas should be weeded every 5 years. Titles with the exceptions noted above will be considered for weeding if they have not circulated for 5 years.

400 – Language
The collection will include English grammar, usage, and etymological materials plus a dictionary and grammar book for each major language.

Materials meant for English Language Learners are interfiled with the nonfiction, mostly in the 400s but some in the 300s (citizenship) and 500s (basic math). Titles in the collection are designated by a sticker on the spine of the item. This collection does include some textbooks and workbooks. This is a developing collection and should be evaluated every 6 years, and titles that have not circulated for 5 years will be considered for weeding.

500 – Science
This collection will include books on natural history, mathematics and pure sciences for the layperson. An emphasis is placed on materials for students, high school through basic college. This is an area where the library does purchase some textbooks, since they are frequently the best source for well-written overviews on physics, mathematics, astronomy, etc. This area should be weeded every 3 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

600 – Applied Science and Technology
Areas of special emphasis in the 600s include:
Health/specific diseases; Gardening; Cooking (including special diets and ethnic cuisines); Business/jobs; Parenting.

The subject area of medicine will consist of lay level books on specific diseases, systems of the body, and health encyclopedias. This area needs to be evaluated and weeded every two years. Currency of information is particularly important in this area of the collection, and in general materials over 5 years old will be weeded. The rest of this collection will be weeded on a rotating cycle, each section evaluated every 3 years.

700 – Arts
Areas of special emphasis in the arts include:
Hobbies and Crafts; Interior design and home decoration; Architecture; Graphic Novels (classified here, shelved near the Fiction collection);Performing Arts; Sports.

This collection should be weeded every 5 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

800 – Literature
The collection will cover world literature on a basic level. Special emphasis will be placed on the following:
Shakespeare plays and criticism; Drama; Criticism of works and authors; Poetry; Essays; Humor.

Information in this area is usually not time sensitive; therefore weeding of this area should be every 6 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

910-919 – Travel
This collection will cover all areas of the world, with emphasis on major international and United States cities. Travel guides are kept up-to date by standing order plans, and guides that are published annually will be weeded every two to three years.

900 – History, Biography
Areas of special emphasis in the 900s include:
Glen Ellyn history; Genealogy

Special consideration is made to balance the needs of students as well as the interests of those who enjoy simply enjoy reading history. Information in this area is usually not time sensitive; therefore weeding of this area should be every 6 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

Biographies
Biographies commonly found at the classification number 920 will be separated out into their own section. Biographies and autobiographies of single individuals are here, with the current exception of sports celebrities and artists, which will be found in the 700s . Biographies about more than one person are usually classified in the most appropriate Dewey area. The titles are classified by the name of the subject of the book. This area should be weeded every 6 years. Titles that have not circulated in 5 years will be considered for weeding.

Large Print
Large Print titles are usually duplicates of titles held in the other collections, both fiction and non-fiction titles. Due to space considerations, the collection should be evaluated and weeded every year.

Adult Mass Market Paperbacks
The mass market paperback collection is meant as a rotating collection of current, popular interest titles, including genre fiction. Nonfiction will not be purchased in mass market paperback format. No attempt will be made to maintain a comprehensive collection. Paperbacks will be weeded continuously, although tattered copies with high circulation will be reordered for the collection.

Young Adult/Teens
The Library will maintain a collection of fiction and non-fiction books which appeal primarily to young people of high school age. The collection will include some classics commonly read in high school but will be primarily a browsing collection of popular materials for this age group. Every effort will be made to acquire books on the local school reading lists. Because non-fiction books intended to support local school curriculum needs are purchased and shelved with the adult non-fiction circulating collection, the young adult collection will consist primarily of popular informational titles marketed specifically to this age group. Age and interest appropriate Graphic Novels will also be purchased for this collection. Whenever appropriate, books will be purchased in paperback format.

Databases and Electronic Resources
The reference online database collection complements the “electronic branch” concept of library services. Factors in selection include reference value, availability of print equivalent, subscription cost, availability of remote access, and patron demand. Priority items will be those products which provide a unique service, provide added value to their print equivalents, and products which are the equivalent of large paper collections.

The electronic collection will reflect the academic needs of students at the junior high level through college, as well as the reference needs of the general public.

When feasible, electronic sources will be made available from remote locations as well as in-house.

Staff will make every opportunity to see demonstrations of potential databases at conferences or at other libraries, or to obtain trial subscriptions of potential databases, before purchasing. Catalogs from publishers and distributors and patron recommendations will be used to identify new titles of possible interest.

Methods of evaluation include comparisons to similar products, demonstrations, literature reviews, and peer consultation. Criteria may include:
• authority of contributors
• timeliness and accuracy
• quality and uniqueness of information
• target audience
• depth of coverage
• interface that encourages effective use
• price
• vendor reputation
• customer support
• advantage over comparable print resource

An essential consideration in retaining online database products is patron use. A subscription database that does not show substantial use considering the cost of the product over a time period of a year or more through statistics made available from the vendor or from our Web server will be replaced or removed.

AUDIOVISUAL COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Influencing Factors
The Library will continue to expand its collection of audio visual formats. Appropriateness and expected long-term use will be the deciding factors in selection. Certain formats, i.e., cassettes, are being phased out by distributors, so will no longer be purchased. New technology has already made an inroad in libraries with the introduction of downloadable books onto MP3 players and the availability of downloadable books to home PCs through the Library website. These emerging technologies may influence demand for CD books and music, so the Library will be alert and respond accordingly. Shelving and storage options and budget constraints are also factors that have an impact on this collection.

Selection
Standard reviewing sources such as Library Journal and Booklist, as well as catalogs (Ingram Advance, Facets Media, Midwest Tapes, Recorded Books, Audio Editions, etc.), general interest newspapers and periodicals and patron requests are used to identify high-interest releases suitable for purchase.

Generally, only one copy of a title in all formats will be purchased, with the exception of high demand feature film DVDs.

Retention and Weeding
All AV collections will be weeded on an as-needed basis, and titles that have not circulated in 3 years will be considered for weeding. Items in poor condition are evaluated and removed from the collection or replaced if warranted.

Videocassettes and DVDs
The video collection currently contains feature film titles and informational recordings in VHS and DVD format. Included is a varied selection of new titles, classics and foreign films. All feature length films with a rated of PG or higher are shelved in the Adult Services. Television programs will be collected on a very limited basis due to space and budget constraints, and will be at the discretion of the selector, based on requests. Purchasing of new or replacement material will only be done in DVD format.

Informational titles cover all areas of the Dewey Classification System and are shelved with the nonfiction books.

Adult spoken word cassette and compact disc (Audio Books)
Spoken word recordings are available on cassette and CD. The emphasis is on contemporary and classic fiction titles. Non-fiction covers a range of subjects including language instruction, self-help and current best sellers. The library generally purchases only Unabridged editions. Purchasing of new or replacement material will only be done in CD or Playaway format.

Adult Music Compact Discs
The library purchases both classical and popular music. Titles are chosen by the selector who reviews the collection for gaps in the classical music repertoire and keeps abreast of current lists of top selling popular music. The library does not remove manufacturers listening warnings but does not create additional advisory labels.

NEWSPAPER AND PERIODICAL COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The Periodicals collection consists of approximately 300 titles, including reference serials and newspapers. The collection includes popular titles in a broad range of subject areas.

Influencing Factors
The Library acquires and maintains a periodical collection to serve the informational, educational, and recreational needs of the community. Patron’s demands for current information are frequently met by the periodical holdings.

Selection Plan
• Periodicals
The Library’s objective is to have a well-balanced general periodical collection that includes titles in all subjects appropriate to our clientele. Patron and staff suggestions, sample issues and favorable reviews are taken into consideration in the selection process. Magazines and newspapers of broad, general appeal will be given preference over highly specialized or scholarly journals when subscription decisions are made. Cost is also a determining factor.
• Newspapers
The Library will subscribe to daily editions of the 2 major Chicago newspapers and weekly editions of local interest newspapers. As interest warrants, national and business-specific newspapers will also be selected.

Retention and Weeding
Titles are kept for varying lengths of time, though the majority are retained for the current plus 3 years. Usage is continually evaluated, and titles not used are weeded so that new periodicals may be acquired. The Glen Ellyn News is kept on microfilm dating back to 1912. A patron survey may be done on individual titles on an as-needed basis, with a comprehensive survey completed at least once every 5 years.

Development Plan
The primary objective for the present is to keep the collection current to satisfy patrons’ needs and interests, so titles are added and weeded as necessary. All requests for subscriptions to a particular title are evaluated in terms of general interest to the young adult and adult populations of Glen Ellyn.

YOUTH COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT PLAN

General Statements
The Youth Services Director has responsibility for the collection and delegates collection management roles as needed.

The Youth Services Department of the Glen Ellyn Public Library serves children from birth through eighth grade, their caregivers, and any persons who have a need for juvenile items. Youth Services strives to meet the informational and recreational needs of this group.

All materials and electronic sources comprising the Youth collection (“collection” in this document refers to the Youth collection) are selected with consideration for, but not limited to, the following aspects:

Interest to patrons
Popularity of the author
Authenticity of the information
Authority of the author or publisher
Physical features and format
Price
Currency of the material
Space to house the material

No title is excluded on the basis of moral, racial, religious, or political prejudice. Titles are selected, within the limitations of the budget, on the basis of critical consensus among recognized subject authorities. Qualitative standards include checking subject areas against standard bibliographic tools and recommended subject lists to be sure that the Library is acquiring recommended materials.

Due to the vast number of titles published and the limits of the Library’s budget, the Glen Ellyn Public Library cannot possibly purchase all materials published.
The Library participates in LINC, an automation consortium of 9 public libraries in the DuPage Library System. Patrons are able to place their own reserves directly without contacting a staff member. Outside of the LINC system, The Library also makes every attempt to Interlibrary Loan materials (ILL) for our patrons from other owning libraries, at no charge for most materials.

In addition, the library is fortunate to be located in an area where there are 2 academic libraries nearby, College of DuPage and Wheaton College, where our residents have access to materials.

How Youth Materials are Selected
Reviews and recommendations of materials are consulted before purchasing most materials. Sources consulted for objective reviews of reference materials include but are not limited to: School Library Journal, Booklist, Book Links, and Publisher’s Weekly. Online sources are also consulted. Materials are also examined by Library staff at conference exhibits and bookstores. Publishers’ ads and brochures are checked for new titles. Electronic selection lists provided by our vendors are used to bolster areas of the collection.

Youth Services purchases multiple copies and multiple formats of the annual winners of the Newbery and Caldecott awards, as well as the annual nominees for Illinois Caudill and Monarch awards, and titles on summer reading lists for Glen Ellyn schools, due to high demand for these items. Although curriculum-related items may be purchased in accordance with the collection development criteria, items are not specifically purchased for an individual school’s program or curriculum.

Patron input is used to aid in the evaluation of the collection. Suggestions from patrons are encouraged and are given due consideration.

In most cases, the Library will not purchase self-published material because it is not reviewed in established review sources, and because we are unable to order through our pre-approved book wholesalers. An exception for this may be made for Glen Ellyn local authors.

The Library does not usually purchase spiral bound titles, and hardback binding is generally preferred if available.

Retention & Weeding
Retention is based on the likelihood of a historical interest in the field as well as the timeliness of a title and its informational content. Patron demand also has an impact on the retention or replacement of material.

While we document below a minimum schedule for weeding, it is important to note that weeding is done on an ongoing basis as needed, to make room for newer titles, updated information, updated formats, and when materials that are in poor condition or circulate poorly come to our attention.

Specific timetables for different sections of the collection are detailed in this plan. In general, the schedule is as follows:

Biennially: Board Books

Every 3 years: Audiovisual

Every 5 years: Picture Books, Early Readers, Fiction, Paperbacks, Series, Nonfiction, Biography, Parent/Teacher, Reference

Roles of the Youth Collection
The collections of the Glen Ellyn Library are as follows (in no particular order):

Education support
Popular materials center
Reference library

Education Support Center
The collection’s educational role is to support formal education through eighth grade. In addition, material is collected in our Parent/Teacher section for adults seeking information on parenting topics or school curriculum topics.

Selectors bear in mind the needs of students, particularly recurring assignments, in developing the collections. The Library does keep a separate, non-circulating collection of textbooks provided by local schools. These are donated by the schools and the Library requests updates as needed.

Popular Materials Center
Popular materials are those which are in demand by the community. Selectors take into consideration demand as reflected by award lists, reserve/purchase requests and may consult community groups or subject experts regarding special needs for materials in specific subject areas.

Multiple copies and multiple formats are purchased to meet patron demand. After initial demand has passed, most duplicate copies are removed from the collection, due to lack of space.

Reference Library
A general collection of reference material for in-house use is maintained for recurring, high-demand questions. The Library provides electronic access to information which is most easily searched in that format. More in-depth research materials can be found locally at the local academic libraries.

Reference materials which are in high demand and require extended use may be duplicated in the circulating collection.

A small collection of local history materials is maintained as Reference material. In general, questions of this nature are referred to the Glen Ellyn Historical Society.

Juvenile Book Collections

Reference Collection
The availability of information on the Internet has increased our library’s access to timely information, necessitating a smaller and higher quality reference book collection. This collection includes general encyclopedias as well as high-demand research topics. The Reference Collection is constantly updated. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Non-Fiction Circulating Collection
The non-fiction collection of the Glen Ellyn Public Library is classified in the Dewey Decimal System and uses Library of Congress Subject Headings. The collection is predominantly a print collection although non-fiction videos, DVDs, audiocassettes, CDs, MP3s and some other kits are classified with Dewey numbers and shelved with the books.

Once an individual title is no longer popular the library should not retain more than 1 copy of a specific title. With a few exceptions the library retains only the current edition of a title. Titles that have not circulated in 2 years are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

000 – Generalities
Common subjects include computers, world records, unidentified flying objects and ancient mysteries.

100 – Philosophy and Psychology
Common subjects include Salem Witch Trials, optical illusions, feelings, character education and self-esteem.

200 – Religion
Common subjects include a general overview of each of the major world religions, as well as mythologies of the world and Christian entertainment media such as VeggieTales. Information in this area is usually not time sensitive.

300 – Social Sciences
Common subjects include family issues, social issues, environmental issues, government, military, holidays, folktales and fairy tales. Youth Services maintains a large collection of folktales and fairy tales representing a wide range of cultural traditions, and this portion of the collection is usually not time sensitive.

400 – Language
Common subjects include English grammar, sign language, dictionaries and foreign language instructional as well as recreational reading material. The foreign language collection evolves to meet the changing needs of our residents.

500 – Science
Common subjects include science experiments, natural sciences, dinosaurs, mathematics, pure sciences, biomes, botany and animals for the student. Youth Services strives to supply a wide range of reading levels for popular subjects, such as animals.

600 – Applied Science and Technology
Common subjects include toilet training, human body, machinery, space flight, farming, pets, cookery and architecture.

700 – Arts
Common subjects include art, crafts, graphic novels (classified here but shelved separately), performing arts, riddles, games and sports.

800 – Literature
Common subjects include poetry, children’s literature collections and plays. Information in this area is usually not time sensitive.

900 – History and Geography
Common subjects include pirates, explorers, saints, atlases, countries, ancient civilizations, history and Native Americans.

Biographies
Biographies and autobiographies of single individuals are here, while collective biographies are found in the 900’s or in the appropriate Dewey area for their topic. Youth Services strives to supply a wide range of reading levels for popular subjects, such as presidents.

Parent / Teacher
Juvenile Parent/Teacher material is written at an adult level and covers parenting topics and school curriculum topics. Common subjects include children’s literacy and child-rearing. There is some intentional duplication of material also found in Adult Services.

Picture Books
Juvenile picture books include fiction and concept books usually intended for an adult to read to a child from infant to age 7. Youth Services purchases multiple copies of high-demand titles and themes. The books in this section must be durable because of their audience; therefore library binding hardbacks are preferred. Picture books which are on the annual Monarch nominee list are purchased in paperback to meet increased demand, but are weeded when no longer in demand. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Board Books
Juvenile board books are sturdy concept books designed to be handled by infants and toddlers. The size of the book and the durability of any moving parts are important purchase considerations. We expect these books to be treated roughly; therefore this collection needs to be weeded biennially. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding.

Early Readers
Juvenile early reader books are written for emergent readers below third grade reading level. Hardcover bindings are preferred, although Youth Services purchases current, popular material such as movie tie-ins written at this level, whether in paperback or hardcover binding. We also purchase boxed sets of small paperbacks which are designed to circulate as one packaged unit. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Fiction
Juvenile fiction contains books written for third through eighth grade readers, which comprises a wide range of reading levels and content. Genre labels assist patrons in finding books to suit their needs. In addition, books which are at a third grade reading level have an “owl” spine label, and those featuring a main character of 14 or older, or containing mature themes, have a “YA” spine label. We rely on professional reviews to determine initially whether a title is appropriate for Juvenile Fiction or is too mature for this collection. We purchase multiple copies of high-demand titles, choosing paperback bindings for added copies if available. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Paperbacks
Juvenile paperbacks provide an economical way to supply current, popular interest titles and multiple copies of high-demand titles for third through eighth grade readers. Criteria and judgments that apply to Juvenile Fiction selection also apply to the purchase of paperbacks. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Series
Juvenile series books are popular fiction titles typically published in paperback editions. Criteria and judgments that apply to Juvenile Fiction selection also apply to the purchase of Series titles. A series group is shelved in this section, as space permits, if it meets one or more of the following criteria:
The series has two or more authors
The series has so many titles it fills more than one shelf
The series is tied to popular videos or television programs
We do not keep a comprehensive collection of each series if circulation rates do not justify. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 5 years.

Juvenile Databases and Electronic Resources

The Juvenile online database collection complements the “electronic branch” concept of library services for patrons through eighth grade. Factors in selection include reference value, literary value, subscription cost, availability of remote access, and patron demand. Juvenile electronic resources must be available from remote locations as well as in-house.

Staff makes every opportunity to see demonstrations of potential databases at conferences or at other libraries, or to obtain trial subscriptions of potential databases, before purchasing. Catalogs from publishers and distributors and patron recommendations will be used to identify new titles of possible interest.

Methods of evaluation include comparisons to similar products, demonstrations, literature reviews, and peer consultation. Criteria may include:
• authority of contributors
• timeliness and accuracy
• quality of presentation in this format
• target audience
• depth of coverage
• interface that encourages effective use
• price
• vendor reputation
• customer support

An essential consideration in retaining online database products is patron use. A subscription database that does not show substantial use considering the cost of the product over a time period of a year or more through statistics made available from the vendor or from our Web server will be replaced or removed.

Juvenile Audiovisual Collection

The Library continues to expand its collection of the audiovisual formats. Appropriateness and expected long-term use are the deciding factors in selection. Certain formats, i.e., cassettes, are being phased out by distributors, so are no longer purchased. New technology has already made an inroad in libraries with the introduction of downloadable books onto MP3 players and the availability of downloadable books to home PCs through the Library website. These emerging technologies may influence demand for CD books and music, so the Library must be alert and respond accordingly. Shelving and storage options and budget constraints also have an impact on this collection.

Generally, only one copy of a title in all formats is purchased, with the exception of high demand DVDs and music. Titles that have not circulated in 1 year are considered for weeding. Weeding cycle is every 3 years.

Videocassettes and DVDs
The juvenile “visual” collection currently contains feature film titles, children’s television shows and informational recordings in VHS and DVD format. Informational titles cover all areas of the Dewey Classification System and are shelved with the nonfiction books. All films with a rating of PG or higher are shelved in Adult Services. New or replacement material will only be purchased in the most current format supported by the library.

Spoken word cassettes and compact discs (Audio Books)
Juvenile spoken word recordings are available on audiocassette and CD. The emphasis is on popular fiction, with picture book and early reader audio purchased less frequently. Non-fiction mainly includes language instruction. The library generally purchases only Unabridged editions. New or replacement material will only be purchased in the most current format supported by the library.

Music
Popular children’s music is available on audiocassette and CD. Multiple copies of popular titles are purchased to meet demand. Local entertainers are supported whenever possible, and patron suggestions are encouraged. New or replacement material will only be purchased in the most current format supported by the library.

CD-ROMs
Juvenile CD-ROMs are mainly educational games for preschool through eighth grade. Popular subject areas are literacy and math. Every effort is made to support both Macintosh and PC platforms. New or replacement material will only be purchased in the most current format supported by the library.

Periodicals Collection

The Periodicals collection consists of approximately 33 titles. The collection is intended to include educational and popular titles in a broad range of subject areas for preschool through adult, although the majority is at the elementary school level. Patron and staff suggestions, sample issues and favorable reviews are taken into consideration in the selection process. There is no duplication between Youth and Adult Services. Patrons’ demands for current information are frequently met by online resources, therefore the back issues which circulate most are the entertaining ones. Titles are retained for the current plus 3 years.

Approved by the Board January 18, 2010